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Meteorology is one of the most neglected areas of study within the field of ancient Greek and Roman natural philosophy. The ancient Greek term meteōrologia refers to a broader range of natural phenomena than the modern term does, including ‘lofty’ or astronomical phenomena such as shooting stars and comets, and terrestrial phenomena such as earthquakes, floods and volcanic activities. While one might assume that Meteorology, as a separate branch, develops due to the rapid progress of modern science, in fact already the Presocratic philosophers raised questions about the weather and the nature and movement of the celestial bodies. The first work that survives on the subject is Aristotle's Meteorologica written in the 4th century BCE in four books. 

This website provides the results of an ongoing, multidisciplinary research in the history of Meteorology. 


Astronomical Transients

This website is an outcome of the project GEOANATOMY. The Body as a Model in Greco-Roman Conceptions of the Earth and the Environment, directed by Giouli Korobili.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 897785. 

This website is continuously updated.

Modern astrophysics aims to make use of historical data, in particular with regard to the long-term evolution of stellar systems. In the 1970s, F. Richard Stephenson coined the term "applied historical astronomy" for the branch of astronomy in which transient phenomena are studied with historical sources. 

The project performed by Susanne M Hoffmann was founded by the Free State of Thuringia and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. 
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