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see also:


Aristotle METE


Lucretius DRN

Seneca NQ

References for Greek and Latin

animated GIF showing the celestial sphere with wind directions marked
Modern Description

written by Susanne M Hoffmann

South is one of the directions on Earth.

Aristotle defines the directions with the stars but uses them to describe the typical winds that blow from there. In Greece, the south wind comes across the Mediterranean Sea. In Egypt (Alexandria), in contrast, the south wind comes from central Africa.

Depending on the origin of the wind, it is either dry or humid and either cold or warm.

With regard to the stars, on the northern hemisphere "south" is where the rising and setting stars culminate. It is the direction where the Sun is at high noon, so it is the direction where the shadow of the sundial never points.

Further Remarks

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