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see also:


Aristotle METE


I 5.342a35

Lucretius DRN

Seneca NQ

References for Greek and Latin

rising Venus and the star cluster of the Pleiades (smh 2020)
Modern Description

written by Susanne M Hoffmann

The appearance of a star can be meant in various ways: typically, it refers to observations in twilight but there are appearances in the evening and appearances in the morning.

The photograph on the left shows Venus short above the mountain in the morning twilight. The Pleiades are a bit higher where the sky is slightly darker which makes it sufficient to recognize the fainter stars. However, both are really difficult to see and this is because of their appearance in the (bright) twilight. The form of appearance is called the "heliacal rising" if it happens for the first time in the year.

Further Remarks

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